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Test 14: Home and society

  1. How important are the rights of children when considering child health?
    • Not important as the provision of health care has nothing to do with rights.
    • They may be important but of little value as governments ignore them.
    • Child rights are only important in industrialised countries.
    • Child rights are very important in planning and delivering social services to children.
  2. What is the greatest threat to children’s rights?
    • A lack of funding for child care.
    • A dysfunctional family.
    • Not enough doctors.
    • Failure of governments to sign the United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child.
  3. What is the most effective way of improving the wellbeing of children?
    • Improve school education.
    • Reduce family size to fewer than 5 children.
    • Provide vitamin supplements.
    • Reduce poverty.
  4. What factor at home may lead to emotional or behaviour problems?
    • Watching a lot of violence on television.
    • Drinking to many cool drinks.
    • Eating ‘junk food.’
    • Having a poorly educated father who is a labourer.
  5. When should you consider child abuse?
    • When the history does not adequately explain the injury.
    • When the child cries during the examination.
    • When a child falls out of a tree and suffers a broken arm.
    • When the child clings to the mother and refuses to be weighed.
  6. Why do some people abuse children?
    • Because they think it is socially acceptable.
    • Because they are not afraid of the authorities.
    • Because the are uneducated.
    • Because they were abused themselves as children.
  7. Child abuse is best managed by:
    • The family doctor.
    • A consultant paediatrician.
    • A multidisciplinary team.
    • The police.
  8. When should the authorities be notified about a case of suspected child abuse?
    • There is no need to notify the authorities if the doctor is prepared to manage the problem.
    • Only notify the authorities if you are certain there has been child abuse.
    • The authorities should only be notified if the child has been abused before.
    • Always notify the authorities.
  9. How should a female child be managed if sexual abuse is suspected?
    • The parents should be asked to bring the child back when someone with special training is present.
    • A vaginal examination should be done.
    • Only the anus and genitalia should be inspected for signs of trauma.
    • The police should be called immediately.
  10. What is a street child?
    • A child who walks to school.
    • A child who sells newspaper on the street over the weekend.
    • A child who cycles to visit friends.
    • A child who has left home and lives on the street.
  11. The best place to care for orphans is:
    • In their extended family within their community.
    • In an orphanage.
    • To be fostered by a wealthy family.
    • To be adopted by someone overseas.
  12. Do all children reach the same milestones at the same age?
    • No.
    • Only if they were born at term.
    • Only if they are siblings from the same home.
    • Yes.
  13. When should children be smiling socially?
    • By 2 weeks.
    • By 4 weeks.
    • By 6 weeks.
    • By 10 weeks.
  14. Children should be able to walk well by:
    • 6 months.
    • 9 months.
    • 12 months.
    • 18 months.
  15. Which children are at high risk of developmental delay?
    • First born children.
    • Children who cannot build a tower of blocks by 12 months.
    • Children who had a very low birth weight (less than 1500 g).
    • Children who are not fully immunised.
  16. What is the intelligence quotient (IQ) in mild disability?
    • 75–100.
    • 50–74.
    • 35–50.
    • 20–34.
  17. What is cerebral palsy?
    • A type of epilepsy.
    • Mental retardation.
    • A non-progressive motor disorder.
    • An emotional problem.
  18. How should children with cerebral palsy be managed?
    • They should not go to school.
    • Physiotherapy and occupational therapy are very helpful.
    • They should be placed in an institution.
    • They should be treated with sedatives to keep them quiet.
  19. Which emotional problem is seen in older children?
    • Breath holding attacks.
    • Eating disorders.
    • Head banging.
    • Sleeping difficulties.
  20. Attention deficit disorder:
    • Is usually seen in girls.
    • Improves when a child starts school.
    • Is more common in some families.
    • Is rare in children with foetal alcohol syndrome.