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Test 5: Communication and Community engagement

  1. Why is it important to establish clear communication with the public?
    • It helps to reduce confusion and panic
    • It helps to promote the local political leaders
    • It assists in raising international funds to fight the epidemic
    • It helps to prevent rioting and damage to health facilities
  2. An important benefit from communicating with the community is:
    • It enables as many people as possible to leave the area
    • It prevents legal action against the health authorities
    • Shared information helps prevent the spread of the disease
    • People can store food and buy other essentials
  3. Who should be informed of the outbreak?
    • Only the national minister of health
    • Only the local health authorities
    • Only the local community leaders
    • All the local stakeholders
  4. The outbreak team should consist of:
    • Health experts from infectious disease institutes
    • Epidemiologists only as they understand how to prevent the disease spreading
    • The senior doctor and nurse from the local hospital
    • Local health authority representatives plus doctors, nurses and a field epidemiologist
  5. Who from the community should be involved in regular meetings to provide information to the community?
    • It is essential that the whole community be invited to these meetings
    • Traditional leaders should not be invited as they have little health knowledge
    • Only representatives invited by the national health authority
      1. The formal and informal community leaders
  6. How can a popular community leader be identified?
    • Speak to common people in the community
    • Speak to the local health authorities
    • Speak to the local government representative
    • Speak to a traditional leader
  7. Who from the outbreak team should communicate with other stakeholders?
    • It is best if there is only one person
    • Only the local health authorities
    • Only the doctors
    • They all should be allowed to speak on behalf of the team
  8. Who should approach the local community leaders?
    • The most senior health official available
    • A local religious leader
    • A senior member of the outreach team who speaks the local language
    • An epidemiologist from an international organisation
  9. What activities should the community be involved in?
    • Helping to care for Ebola patients in hospital
    • Encouraging sick people to seek care
    • Chasing ill people out of the community
    • Carrying corpses to a central area for burial
  10. Why should the community be involved in efforts to stop the outbreak?
    • It saves paying officials to carry out the communication functions
    • It enables the community to take ‘ownership’ of both the problems and the solutions
    • Because they are the only people who know how to stop the disease spreading
    • Because they are the people spreading the disease
  11. What media can be used to communicate with the public?
    • Television should not be used as pictures will frighten the community
    • Mass gatherings are dangerous as they might start a riot
    • Newspapers, magazines and bill boards are of limited help as most people cannot read
    • SMS texting is becoming a popular way of communicating with people
  12. What traditional rituals should and should not be allowed?
    • The body should not be touched or kissed by the family and friends
    • It is safe to touch the body if it is dressed
    • It is safe to kiss the body if it has been washed
    • The body can be touched and kissed if it is first disinfected with a chlorine solution
  13. What should the community be told about burials?
    • They are safe and do not pose a risk of Ebola infection
    • Only the family should be involved in the burial
    • The family should be encouraged to participate in the safe burial process
    • All funerals should be banned and the bodies of Ebola victims who die burned
  14. What is a safe burial?
    • The burial of a community member that did not have Ebola
    • The burial of a community leader in a walled off and protected area
    • A burial with special precautions taken to prevent spread of Ebola to others
    • A burial where the infected corpse is placed in a special box
  15. What should be done to the home after a family member has died there of Ebola?
    • The house should be abandoned
    • The house should be disinfected
    • The house should be kept empty for 21 days
    • There is no need to make any changes to the home
  16. How should community leaders be approached?
    • They should be presented with clear, written instructions from the health authorities
    • They should be approached respectfully
    • They should be spoken to as if they had no understanding of the disease
    • The community leaders should be paid to win their support
  17. Which problems may occur when speaking to the community?
    • They may not be interested in how disease is spread
    • They may not understand that some diseases are infectious
    • Identifying the wrong community leaders may cause conflict
    • They may only be prepared to listen if they are first given gifts
  18. Should custom and tradition be ignored when trying to change burial practice?
    • Yes as customs and traditions are dangerous and should be stopped
    • Yes as most customs and traditional beliefs are out of date in a modern society
    • No as customs and traditions can be altered to meet the current need and this will win community support
    • No as it is not possible to get the community to change age-old customs and traditions
  19. How can stigma be reduced or avoided?
    • By educating the community
    • By keeping Ebola survivors away from their family and community
    • By punishing people who are aggressive to Ebola survivors
    • Stigma cannot be reduced or avoided
  20. Can Ebola survivors be recruited to help in the outbreak?
    • No as they have already suffered and need rest to recover
    • No as they may still be infectious even after they have fully recovered
    • No as they may be re-infected with Ebola
    • Yes they can be used to help in patient tracing, orphan care and home-based care