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Test 4: How to help mothers with mental health problems

  1. Why is the time around pregnancy particularly stressful?
    • It is a natural thing so it is not stressful
    • It could be embarrassing and stressful if your waters broke and you were out shopping
    • It is a life transition and adapting to change can be stressful
    • A fetus growing inside puts stress on your bones and muscles
  2. Why is a good relationship between mother and health or social worker important?
    • Mothers will be happier to clean up after themselves if they make a mess during delivery
    • Mothers are less likely to complain
    • It makes it easier to tell a mother that she needs a Caesarean section
    • Compassionate care from the health or social worker can influence the mother emotionally and physically
  3. What are the four principles of the Better Births Initiative (BBI)?
    • Breastfeed, birth companions, bonding, and initiate good practice
    • Eat during labour, walk during labour, no shaving, and no enemas
    • Avoid unproven practices, unproven procedures, unnecessary costs, and making mistakes
    • Humanity, benefit, commitment, and action
  4. Which of the following factors influence emotion?
    • Whether a woman has children or not
    • A woman’s level of school education
    • The day of the week
    • Crime
  5. Which of the following are positive influences for a mother during pregnancy?
    • An unplanned pregnancy
    • Feeling nauseous
    • Only smoking in moderation
    • A supportive social network
  6. Which of the following have a negative emotional influence on a mother during pregnancy?
    • Having an increased appetite
    • Positive reaction from important people
    • Relationship problems with partner
    • Improved sex life
  7. An example of ‘de-personalisation’ is:
    • Denying personal attention
    • Referring to someone as ‘patient’ or by a number
    • Disobeying the person in charge
    • Adding your personal thoughts to client notes
  8. What negative emotions might a mother feel after the birth of her baby?
    • Exhaustion and detachment
    • Sense of caring and commitment
    • Hope for the future
    • Fear of labour
  9. What physical factors may negatively influence how a new mother feels?
    • Weight loss after delivery
    • Incontinence
    • Improved comfort in bed
    • Greater mobility due to being postpartum
  10. The terms ‘fight’ and ‘flight’ refer to behaviours that:
    • Express feelings in a positive way
    • Express feelings in a neutral way
    • Express feelings in a negative way
    • Don’t express feelings, they are about hitting and running
  11. What stressful factors at work affect health or social workers?
    • Absenteeism by colleagues
    • Being able to take sick leave
    • Being able to take annual leave
    • Being able to take maternity leave
  12. What stressful personal life factors influence health or social workers?
    • Supportive partner
    • Children performing well at school
    • Predictable public transport
    • Poor health
  13. When women are distressed, they need:
    • 24 hours of bed rest
    • Someone who listens to them
    • Advice
    • To be told that everything will seem better in time
  14. The term ‘positive regard’ means:
    • Giving your best wishes
    • Looking forward to activity
    • Looking in the mirror and feeling good about yourself
    • Showing acceptance, respect and support
  15. Active listening involves:
    • Closing your eyes so that you can concentrate better
    • Ensuring that the batteries in a hearing aid are charged
    • Using all your senses to help you understand a situation that is being explained to you
    • Telling your colleagues to be quiet so that you can listen to what the client is saying during a consultation
  16. The term empathy means:
    • The same as sympathy
    • Feeling sorry for someone
    • Feeling pity for someone’s suffering
    • Understanding someone’s emotions even though you have not experienced them
  17. The following is an example of validating feelings:
    • ‘I don’t think you are depressed, this is just a bad day.’
    • ‘I’m sure your husband is not having an affair, he probably will be back this evening.’
    • ‘I can hear that this is making you feel low. That must be very difficult for you.’
    • ‘Did you really say you want to shake your baby? That is a shocking thing to say.’
  18. A good listener has the following characteristics:
    • Ability to multi-task
    • Ability to minimise problems
    • Ability to concentrate on the facts of what is being told, not how it is being told
    • Ability to be comfortable with silence
  19. Paraphrasing means:
    • Repeating what the mother says in her own words
    • Repeating what the mother has said in your own words
    • Reading phrases from paragraphs in a book
    • Repeating the same thing over and over again
  20. A useful response when listening is:
    • Asking for clarification and paraphrasing
    • Problem solving
    • Expressing shock
    • Sympathising