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Test 3: Principles of kangaroo mother care

  1. What is kangaroo mother care?
    • A new Australian method of caring for infants.
    • A method of caring for infant which uses skin-to-skin contact.
    • A method of allowing infants to sleep better at night by covering the incubator.
    • A method of caring for abandoned infants.
  2. Kangaroo mother care is:
    • A natural way of caring for infants.
    • An expensive way of providing infant care.
    • Only useful in poor countries.
    • Only used in intensive care units of large hospitals.
  3. What is the kangaroo position?
    • The infant is carried on the mother’s back.
    • The infant is carried in a special pouch which is stitched into the mother’s dress.
    • The infant is placed between the mother’s breasts.
    • The infant lies on the mother’s abdomen.
  4. What is kangaroo nutrition?
    • No milk feeds for the first 24 hours.
    • Formula feeds with added sugar to increase the energy content.
    • Feeds made up of diluted cows milk and given by bottle.
    • Breastfeeding whenever possible.
  5. What is kangaroo support?
    • Breast feeding the infant while it is held in the ‘football position’.
    • Bottle feeding the infant while sitting is a comfortable chair.
    • Helping the mother to provide kangaroo mother care.
    • Paying the mother to give her infant KMC.
  6. What is kangaroo discharge?
    • Discharging an infant home early because of KMC.
    • A bloody discharge from the nipple.
    • Discharging an infant home when it weighs 2000 g and is cup feeding.
    • Discharging a well infant home immediately after delivery.
  7. Kangaroo mother care is particularly important in:
    • Postterm infants weighing over 4000 g.
    • Low birth weight infants.
    • Infants with a cleft palate.
    • Jaundiced infants.
  8. Kangaroo mother care should be started:
    • As soon as possible after birth.
    • When the infant is 24 hours old.
    • When the infant starts to gain weight.
    • When the infant is ready for discharge home.
  9. What is one of the advantages of kangaroo mother care?
    • It prevents jaundice.
    • Mothers do not have to breast feed at night.
    • The infant can go home sooner.
    • It is more expensive.
  10. What is an effect of separating mothers and infants?
    • Infants gain weight faster.
    • Infants are more stressed.
    • Infants sleep better.
    • Infants learn to become independent sooner.
  11. Kangaroo mother care is safe:
    • Only in term infants.
    • Only in infants weighing 2500 g or more.
    • Only in hospital.
    • In most small infants.
  12. With kangaroo mother care, the infant is kept warm by:
    • An incubator.
    • An overhead radiant heater.
    • The mother’s skin.
    • A warm room and woollen cap.
  13. How does kangaroo mother care reduce the risk of apnoea and bradycardia?
    • By constantly changing the infant’s temperature.
    • By keeping the infant’s temperature constant and exposing the infant to the mother’s movement, breathing and heart sounds.
    • By keeping the infant awake.
    • By bouncing the infant up and down.
  14. With kangaroo mother care, the risk of serious infection in the infant is:
    • Doubled.
    • Increased slightly.
    • Decreased.
    • Prevented all together.
  15. How does kangaroo mother care change the risk of infection in infants?
    • The infant is not colonised with bacteria until it is discharged home.
    • The infant is colonised with its mother’s bacteria.
    • The infant is colonised with hospital bacteria.
    • The infant is colonised with bacteria from the nurses.
  16. Kangaroo mother care should be offered:
    • Only in hospitals with limited staff and resources.
    • Only in hospitals without incubators.
    • In all hospitals.
    • In hospitals that only care for low risk infants.
  17. Kangaroo mother care can be given:
    • Only by mothers.
    • By both mothers and fathers.
    • Only by nurses.
    • Only by doctors.
  18. Intermittent kangaroo mother care is:
    • KMC given only by day.
    • KMC given only at night.
    • KMC given only during feeds.
    • KMC given when the mother visits her infant.
  19. Continuous kangaroo mother care is:
    • KMC given both day and night.
    • KMC given in an incubator.
    • KMC given only when the infant is discharged home.
    • KMC only given to infants weighing less than 1000 g.
  20. What is the main reason for developing a kangaroo care ward?
    • So that KMC can be given during visiting hours.
    • So that mothers and their infants are kept together to provide KMC.
    • So that nurses can give KMC.
    • So that medical students can be taught to give KMC.