How to use this Learning Station
On this Learning Station, you can read and test your knowledge. Tap on a book to open its chapter list. In each chapter, you can take a quiz to test your knowledge.
To take tests, you must register with your email address or cell number. It is free to register and to take tests.
For help email firstname.lastname@example.org or call +27 76 657 0353.
Learning is easiest with printed books. To order printed books, email email@example.com or call +27 76 657 0353.
Visit bettercare.co.za for information.
Test 4: Feeding normal infants
- Why is it important for infants to be fed breast milk?
- Breast milk meets all the nutritional needs of a term infant.
- Breast milk reduces the risk of gastroenteritis.
- Breast milk is cheap.
- All of the above
- When should you start promoting the benefits of breastfeeding?
- At school
- During the antenatal period
- During labour
- Immediately after delivery
- What advice should you give to a patient with small breasts?
- She should not breastfeed.
- She should give complementary feeds of formula.
- She should express and cup feed.
- She should breastfeed.
- Which type of milk contains the most antibodies?
- When should the normal infant be put to the breast for the first time?
- As soon after birth as possible
- Not before 1 hour or the infant will vomit
- Only after 3 hours when the infant has been bathed
- After the mother has had a good sleep
- What should be given as the first feed to normal infants?
- Sterile water
- Breast milk
- 5% dextrose water
- Which hospital policy should you encourage?
- Making all mothers feed every 4 hours
- Demand feeding
- Rooming-in only for mothers in private wards
- Moving all infants into the nursery at night so that the mothers can sleep well
- How can a mother stop one breast leaking while the infant feeds at the other breast?
- Apply gentle pressure onto the nipple of the leaking breast.
- Stop breastfeeding and feed with formula.
- Massage the leaking breast.
- Express both breasts before a feed.
- How can a mother improve her milk supply?
- By feeding her infant frequently
- By schedule feeding every 4 hours
- By drinking a lot of milk
- By drinking a lot of coffee
- Which of the following suggests that the infant is getting enough breast milk?
- The infant falls asleep during the feed.
- The infant gains weight well.
- The mother’s breasts are still full at the end of the feed.
- The infant has 4 wet nappies in 24 hours.
- How should you treat engorged breasts?
- Stop breastfeeding.
- Give the mother a diuretic.
- Empty the breasts by frequent feeds or by expressing.
- Bandage the breasts tightly.
- Which of the following signs suggest mastitis?
- Both breasts feel full.
- The affected breast feels hot and painful.
- A fluctuant mass is present in one breast.
- The milk from one breast is blood stained.
- What feeding advice would you give a mother with mastitis?
- Stop breastfeeding and give formula feeds instead.
- Stop feeding on the affected breast.
- Express both breasts for 3 days then start breastfeeding again.
- Continue breastfeeding on both breasts.
- How should a mother prevent painful nipples?
- Make sure that the infant latches correctly.
- Wash her nipples with soap and water twice a day.
- Apply gentian violet to her nipples after each feed.
- Apply surgical spirits to her nipples once a day.
- How should you treat cracked nipples?
- Stop breastfeeding and give formula feeds.
- Apply antibiotic cream to the nipples.
- Give the mother daily penicillin injections for a week.
- Allow some breast milk to dry on the nipples after each feed.
- When should complementary feeds of formula be given?
- To all infants for the first 3 days to ensure good weight gain
- To all infants when they reach 1 month
- To all infants who cry a lot
- To infants who fail to gain weight by 7 days despite good advice and support with breastfeeding
- How long can a mother safely keep expressed milk at home?
- 24 hour at room temperature
- 36 hours in a cool place
- 48 hours in a refrigerator
- Expressed milk cannot be safely kept
- A breastfeeding mother has been given ampicillin for 5 days to treat a urinary tract infection. What advice would you give her?
- Not to take the ampicillin as it may cross into her milk
- To take the ampicillin and continue breastfeeding
- To stop breastfeeding for the 5 days that she is taking the ampicillin
- To stop breastfeeding altogether and change to formula feeds
- How should a mother make up formula feeds?
- Add 1 level scoop of powder to 25 ml water.
- Add 1 teaspoon of powder to 25 ml water.
- Add 1 tablespoon of powder to 50 ml water.
- Add enough powder to make the water look like milk.
- What supplements should be given to a normal term infant that is being breastfed?
- Supplements should not be given as they are dangerous.
- Iron supplements only.
- It is essential that all breastfed infants receive supplements.
- Supplements may be of value when the infant does not receive enough sunshine or the mother is undernourished.