Close help

How to use this Learning Station

On this Learning Station, you can read and test your knowledge. Tap on a book to open its chapter list. In each chapter, you can take a quiz to test your knowledge.

To take tests, you must register with your email address or cell number. It is free to register and to take tests.

For help email or call +27 76 657 0353.

Printed books

Learning is easiest with printed books. To order printed books, email or call +27 76 657 0353.

Visit for information.

Test 1: Introduction to perinatal HIV

  1. What is HIV?
    • A retrovirus
    • A herpes virus
    • The human influenza virus
    • The cause of syphilis
  2. What is AIDS?
    • A serious illness caused by a virus
    • A fatal disease whose cause is unknown
    • A common cause of abnormal sexual behaviour
    • An acute bacterial illness transmitted by sexual intercourse
  3. You can become infected with HIV by:
    • Sharing a cup or plate
    • Social kissing
    • Unprotected sexual intercourse
    • Donating blood
  4. Which body secretions may contain large amounts of HIV?
    • Urine
    • Stool
    • Blood
    • Saliva
  5. Which blood tests are usually used to screen adults for HIV infection?
    • VDRL or RPR
    • ELISA or rapid test
    • PCR or p24 antigen
    • TPHA or FTA
  6. Common features of the acute illness following HIV infection (acute seroconversion illness) are:
    • Blood and protein in the urine
    • Vaginal or urethral discharge
    • Anaemia and jaundice
    • Sore throat and rash
  7. Usually the latent phase between the time of HIV infection and developing AIDS in adults is:
    • Two to four weeks
    • Six to 12 months
    • One to five years
    • Five to 15 years
  8. What are the most common signs of symptomatic HIV infection in adults?
    • Weight loss and chronic diarrhoea
    • Oedema and heart failure
    • Cyanosis and wheezing
    • Jaundice and abdominal distension
  9. What is an important opportunistic infection in AIDS?
    • Syphilis
    • Pneumocystis
    • Measles
    • Influenza
  10. AIDS can be cured?
    • Always
    • Often
    • Sometimes
    • Never
  11. What other disease can increase the risk of becoming infected with HIV?
    • Tuberculosis
    • Kaposi’s sarcoma
    • Syphilis
    • Influenza
  12. HIV is infectious:
    • Only during the first few weeks after infection
    • During the latent phase when the patient feels well
    • Only when the signs of AIDS appear
    • At any time after infection
  13. How does HIV damage the immune system?
    • By destroying CD4 lymphocytes
    • By reducing the number of CD8 lymphocytes
    • By lowering the levels of antibody
    • By interfering with the function of the polymorphs
  14. What type of drugs are nevirapine (NVP) and efavirenz (EFV)?
    • Antibiotics
    • Protease inhibitors
    • Non-nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors
    • Nucleoside and nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors
  15. What is a common minor side effect of zidovudine (AZT)?
    • Tinnitus (ringing sound in the ears)
    • Sore throat
    • Nausea and vomiting
    • Rash
  16. What drug is commonly used to prevent an opportunistic infection?
    • Penicillin
    • Co-trimoxazole (Septran, Bactrim, Purbac)
    • Nystatin (mycostatin)
    • Streptomycin
  17. What is the management of a patient with AIDS?
    • Management does not alter the course of the disease and, therefore, is not recommended.
    • These patients should not be treated as it is too expensive.
    • Management with ARV drugs can make a big difference to the quality of the patient’s life.
    • HIV patients should be sent home to die quickly as treatment only prolongs their suffering.
  18. How can healthcare workers reduce the risk of HIV infection?
    • By refusing to care for AIDS patients
    • By washing their hands after touching patients with HIV infection
    • By wearing masks and gowns when caring for patients with HIV infection
    • By adopting universal precautions
  19. What is the correct handling of sharps to avoid accidental injury?
    • Use a sharps container
    • Always resheath a needle after it has been used
    • Always wipe a needle with alcohol after it has been used
    • Only clear away the needle after the procedure has been completed
  20. What prophylaxis should be given to a healthcare worker after an accidental needle-stick injury when collecting blood from an HIV-positive patient?
    • Penicillin should be given immediately
    • Truvada and Aluvia should be started within two hours
    • Hepatitis A vaccine should be given within 72 hours
    • Co-trimoxazole