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Test 1: Reproductive health

  1. Which women have good sexual health?
    • Women who are free of sexually transmitted diseases
    • Women who have multiple sex partners
    • Women who have positive and respectful sexual relationships
    • Women whose sexual life is controlled by their partners
  2. What are the Millennium Development Goals?
    • A new form of lottery to raise funds for reproductive health in poor communities
    • A South African plan to reduce infertility in resource-poor communities
    • An international project to improve the lives of poor people
    • A WHO project to provide contraception services in under-developed countries
  3. Can breast cancer be cured?
    • Yes, if it is detected early
    • Only in young women
    • Only in women who are HIV negative
    • No
  4. What cancers should be screened for in all women?
    • Bowel cancer
    • Cervical cancer
    • Ovarian cancer
    • Bladder cancer
  5. Who is at increased risk of breast cancer?
    • Women who are younger than 40 years
    • Women who have two or more children
    • Women who have a close family relative with breast cancer
    • Women who use oral contraception
  6. How does breast cancer present?
    • As a new breast lump
    • As an old breast lump that becomes bigger or harder
    • As a nipple discharge in a woman who is not pregnant or breastfeeding
    • All of the above
  7. Who should perform regular breast examinations?
    • There is no need for regular breast examinations
    • Only doctors
    • Only gynaecologists
    • All women should learn how to regularly examine their own breasts
  8. What causes cervical cancer?
    • Herpes virus infection
    • Human papilloma virus infection
    • Cytomegalovirus infection
    • HIV infection
  9. How does early cervical cancer usually present?
    • With abdominal pain
    • With abdominal swelling
    • With pain when passing urine
    • Early cervical cancer is usually asymptomatic
  10. Who should be screened for cervical cancer?
    • All women
    • Only women with multiple sexual partners
    • Only women who have had one or more children
    • Only women who are HIV positive
  11. What action should be taken if a Pap smear result shows low-grade SIL or ASCUS?
    • The woman should have a hysterectomy
    • The woman should be referred to a colposcopy clinic
    • The woman should have a repeat smear after 6 to 12 months
    • The result is normal and no action is needed
  12. A normal body mass index is:
    • More than 30
    • 25 to 30
    • 19 to 25
    • Less than 19
  13. What is the main cause of being overweight?
    • A hormone imbalance
    • Inherited genes for obesity
    • Diabetes
    • Having a diet too high in energy foods
  14. How common is overweight in South Africa?
    • Most women are overweight by the age of 50 years
    • 50% of women are overweight
    • 25% of women are overweight
    • Overweight is only common in wealthy communities
  15. What gynaecological conditions are more common in women who are overweight or obese?
    • Painful menstruation
    • Infertility
    • Cervical cancer
    • Uterine fibroids
  16. Pregnant women who are overweight are at increased risk of:
    • Intra-uterine growth restriction
    • Placenta praevia
    • Multiple pregnancy
    • Pregnancy-induced hypertension
  17. Smoking increases the risk of:
    • Breast cancer
    • Diabetes
    • Osteoporosis
    • None of the above
  18. What is hormone replacement therapy?
    • A form of contraception
    • A treatment for menopausal symptoms
    • A treatment for infertility
    • A treatment of ovarian cancer
  19. Hormone replacement therapy for a woman with a uterus consists of:
    • Oestrogen only
    • Progestogen only
    • Oestrogen and progestogen
    • Oestrogen and testosterone
  20. What are the risks of complications from hormone replacement therapy?
    • Dangerous complications are common and HRT should only be used for women who have serious complaints
    • There is a high risk of cardiovascular disease
    • There is a small risk of breast cancer
    • It is safe with no risks