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Test 5: Abuse of women

  1. What activity would qualify as abuse?
    • Repeated shouting at a women by her partner in order to control her
    • Demanding sex in return for financial support
    • A boyfriend slapping a woman only when he is drunk
    • All of the above
  2. What is the commonest form of abuse?
    • Verbal abuse
    • Emotional abuse
    • Financial abuse
    • Physical abuse
  3. What is rape?
    • Only forced vaginal or anal intercourse
    • Only forced vaginal intercourse if physical injury occurs
    • Only forced vaginal intercourse with a penis
    • Any forced penetration of the vagina, anus or mouth with a penis or other object
  4. Rape can happen to:
    • Only women
    • Only women and young girls
    • Only adult women or men
    • Women, men or children
  5. What is gender-based violence?
    • Physical violence between women
    • Emotional violence between women and their children
    • Any violence directed against women because they are women
    • Only non-consensual abuse against women
  6. Where does gender-based violence occur?
    • Only in jail
    • Often in primary school
    • Usually in the home
    • Most commonly in the work place
  7. How common is intimate-partner violence in South Africa?
    • Very common
    • Only common in wealthy communities
    • Only common in unmarried couples
    • Uncommon
  8. Which women are at greatest risk of intimate-partner violence?
    • Old women
    • Poor women
    • Married women
    • Women with children
  9. Intimate-partner violence is more common when:
    • The woman or her partner have been abused themselves as children
    • The woman is older than her partner
    • The woman is well educated
    • The woman is very religious
  10. How is intimate-partner violence diagnosed?
    • It relies on physical examination
    • By getting a history of violence
    • Only by a sworn statement made in a court of law
    • By taking a Pap smear
  11. What advice should be given to all women who are suffering from intimate-partner violence?
    • They should fight back
    • They must leave their partner immediately
    • They must accept that their partner should control their lives
    • They should be told of their right to report the violence to the police
  12. Sexual assault is usually committed by:
    • A stranger
    • A person seeking political asylum
    • A person well known to the victim
    • A person who is mentally disturbed
  13. Who should attend to the survivor of a severe sexual assault?
    • Only a gynaecologist
    • Only a district surgeon
    • Only a doctor
    • Any healthcare worker who has had special training
  14. In a forensic examination:
    • The victim should be examined under general anaesthesia
    • A lawyer should be present
    • A sexual assault examination kit should be used
    • Photographs of the genitalia must always be taken
  15. Should raped women be tested for HIV?
    • All should be tested
    • Only if the rapist is known to be HIV positive
    • Only if it was a case of gang rape
    • Only if there is physical injury to the vagina
  16. What post-exposure prophylaxis against HIV should be given?
    • A single dose of nevirapine
    • AZT only for 14 days
    • AZT and 3TC for 28 days
    • Antiretroviral treatment with three drugs for 3 months
  17. If the woman denies intimate-partner violence but you remain suspicious that it is occurring:
    • You must report it to the local magistrate
    • You must report it to the local police
    • You should ask her to come back again soon
    • It is not your responsibility if she denies partner violence
  18. Which sexual assault victims need immediate attention?
    • Only those who are seriously injured
    • Only those who feel their lives are threatened
    • Only those who are not referred to hospital
    • All need immediate attention, even if the clinic is very busy
  19. When should hepatitis B immunisation be given to a victim of sexual assault?
    • Immediately while waiting for the antibody test result
    • When the result of the hepatitis B antibody test is received
    • A week after the assault when any vaginal tears have healed
    • Hepatitis B immunisation is not needed as most women already have antibodies to hepatitis B
  20. When should a sexual assault victim come back for follow-up care?
    • Every day for a week
    • At 3 days, 6 weeks and 3 months
    • Only if she feels she needs further help
    • Follow-up visits are not encouraged as further visits to the same clinic will only make the emotional trauma worse